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What is dental orthopedics and what are its advantages

Sometimes, to solve some mouth ailments, surgery is not necessary or recommended. These are cases in which correction and prevention win the battle. This is where dental orthopedics comes into play, so we will explain what it is and what its types are.

 

 

What is dental orthopedics?

 

The word -ortopedia- comes from the Greek -ortho-, whose meaning is -align or straighten-, and -paideia-, which can be translated as -formation or education-. With this we already have the key to the definition, since orthopedics is a specialty dedicated to the prevention and correction of deformities. If we add "dental", we have already bounded enough. Various corrective devices are often used in their exercise.

 

 

Types of dental orthopedics

 

The branches of dental orthopedics are dentofacial and maxillofacial:

 

 

- Dentofacial orthopedics

 

 

As the name implies, this type of orthopedics focuses on facial development - not just dental correction. It is usually used in the early stages of life and until adolescence. In fact, it is advisable to apply it in an interval between certain ages; approximately between 4 and 12 years.

 

 

Like dentistry, fixed and removable appliances are used in their application, according to each particular case. We can cite as an example the brackets. In fact, sometimes dentistry treatments are combined with specific ones in this branch; this way the correction of the deformities of the teeth is achieved and the facial bone structure is improved.

Maxillofacial Orthopedics

 

 

This subspecialty is intended to prevent and solve certain conditions and malformations of the maxillary bones through the use of certain removable devices whose effect and performance is focused on the correction of the area of ​​the temporomandibular joint, the palate, the base of the mouth , tongue, lips, teeth, etc.

 

 

It also deals with the functional aspect, attending to swallowing, chewing, phonation and breathing. Sometimes, it is recommended not only for the inconvenience of the patient's pathology, but also for the aesthetic issue.

 

 

 

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Any ailment in the mouth is better treated as soon as possible to stimulate proper growth and ensure optimal and lasting results. In the long term, the high degree of success achieved with dental orthopedics is reflected. In addition, it is a good option in the prevention and treatment of problems related to deformities.


Dr. Armellini received her dental degree from the Central University of Venezuela. She received an MBA from the University of Michigan and embarked on a clinical fellowship in Implantology Prosthodontics at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto.

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