Implants are metallic elements that are surgically located in the maxillary bones, below the gums. Once in place, the dentist can place fixed crowns or bridges on them to replace missing teeth.
The implant fuses with the mandibular bone, providing stable support for artificial teeth. Prosthetics and bridges placed over the implants do not slip or run in the mouth, which is an especially important advantage for chewing and speech. This adaptation helps the prosthetics and bridges (as well as the individual crowns placed on the implants) feel more natural than conventional ones.
For some people, ordinary bridges or dentures are uncomfortable because they are irritating, have too narrow edges, or cause nausea. Also, traditional bridges must be attached to the teeth on both sides of the empty space. An advantage of implants is that there is no need to wear down the adjacent teeth to support the replacement teeth.
To receive implants, you need to have healthy gums and adequate bone to support the implant. The patient must also assume the commitment to keep these structures healthy. Meticulous oral hygiene and regular dental visits are essential for dental implants to be successful in the long term.
Implants are more expensive than other dental replacement methods and are not covered by most insurance companies, or cover less than 10 percent of fees.
Endostial implants: they are surgically implanted directly in the maxillary bones. Once the surrounding tissue has healed, a second surgery is required to connect a post over the original implant. Finally, an artificial tooth (or several) is placed on the post. The teeth will be individual, or they will be grouped in a bridge or fixed prosthesis.
Subperiosteal implant: These consist of a kind of mount that is placed in the maxillary bones just below the gum. With the healing of the gums, the mount is fixed to the maxillary bone. The posts, which are placed in the saddle, protrude through the gums. As with endosteal implants, artificial teeth are placed on those posts.
|Posts surgically placed below the gums.||Artificial teeth, grouped in a bridge that is then placed on the posts.|
|The implants provide a stable and secure fit.||Implants serve as the foundation for replacement teeth.|
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