Braces and orthodontics are used to correct "poor bite" or faulty dental occlusion (when teeth are crowded or crooked). In some cases, the teeth are straight, but the upper and lower jaws do not fit together properly. These jaw problems or tooth alignment may be inherited or may result from injury, early or late tooth loss, or thumb sucking.
If you have a poor bite, your dentist may recommend braces or other braces to straighten your smile. By correcting the problem, you get a nice smile, but more importantly, orthodontia means a healthier mouth. If a poor bite is not corrected, other oral health problems could arise, including:
Chewing and speaking frequently
Unusual wear of tooth enamel
There are different ways to straighten your teeth. The type of orthodontic treatment you follow will depend on your preferences and the options offered by your dentist or orthodontist. Traditional braces realign teeth by applying pressure. Usually these are small brackets attached to the teeth, connected by a wire, which are applied by the dentist or orthodontist squeezes to gradually move the teeth and jaw. They can be metal or the color of teeth. Sometimes they are placed behind the teeth. Removable aligners are another option for treating dental problems.
Orthodontic treatment can be provided by the dentist or orthodontist, a dentist who specializes in the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of dental and facial irregularities. It will depend on the dentist's orthodontic experience and the severity of the case.
Since poor bite can be seen between the ages of 6 and 12, orthodontia often begins between the ages of 8 and 14. Starting treatment while the child is growing contributes to better results. That does not mean that adults cannot have braces; healthy teeth can undergo dental treatment at any age.
Treatment plans vary depending on the case, but most people are in treatment for one to three years. They will then wear a retainer for some time to hold the teeth in their new position. Today's braces are more comfortable than ever. The new materials apply a gentle and constant force to move the teeth and generally require less adjustment.
As long as you have braces, it is important to follow a balanced diet for the health of your teeth. Of course, a healthy diet is always important, but eating plenty of sugary foods can cause plaque to build up around the brackets and permanently stain or damage your teeth. Avoiding foods like popcorn, corn cobs, chewing gum, whole apples, and other sticky foods is also a good idea. Ask your dentist about foods to avoid while on treatment.
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