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¿Por qué se inflaman las encías?

This is a mild disease that, in addition to inflammation, causes irritation, redness, swelling and even bleeding when brushing teeth or when flossing is used. Generally, it is caused by a buildup of bacterial plaque, which contains bacteria that attack the gums and cause that inflammation. It is essential to have proper oral hygiene to prevent this condition and consult a dentist as soon as the first symptoms are noticed.




Defective dental occlusion


An abnormal alignment of the teeth, medically known as "defective dental occlusion," may be an important reason why the gums become inflamed. This mechanical problem prevents the upper teeth from fitting properly into the lower ones, making obstruction difficult, causing damage to gums, vision problems, mouth breathing, and speaking time, this requires orthodontic treatment to correct the position of the teeth and prevent periodontal diseases and disorders in the joints and muscles responsible for chewing .


However, it also occurs with bad fillings, badly placed crowns or dentures and other badly fitting dental appliances. In these cases, it can also cause inflammation of the gums, redness and severe discomfort. In these cases, it is advisable to consult with a dentist as soon as possible to correct what is necessary.






Other possible causes of gum inflammation are fungal infections that affect the oral cavity, such as candidiasis. This causes the appearance of white spots in the mouth, discomfort when swallowing, inflammation of the gums and bleeding when brushing the teeth. To treat it it is necessary to undergo an antifungal medical treatment and completely eradicate the infection.






Hormonal changes that occur during puberty, pregnancy or menopause can also cause inflammation in the gums. During these periods, the gums are much more sensitive to the toxic substances of the face that accumulate in the oral cavity and it is normal for them to irritate and cause bleeding in the gums over time.


Gingivitis and periodontitis are more frequent, and even severe, in patients with a weak immune system. Hence the importance of having impeccable oral hygiene and going to the dentist with some frequency.


Dr. Armellini received her dental degree from the Central University of Venezuela. She received an MBA from the University of Michigan and embarked on a clinical fellowship in Implantology Prosthodontics at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto.


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