Diabetes and oral health

It has been proven that gingivitis and periodontitis are some of the most common complications that are generated in the body due to poor or uncontrolled diabetes. But not only that, periodontal diseases can also affect diabetes by impairing the control of blood glucose levels and thus contributing to the progression of this disease. It is a vicious circle that can be avoided by having greater control of the health of the gums.


Diabetes and periodontal disease are so related because people who have poor or uncontrolled diabetes have a lower response from their body to bacterial infections.


Periodontitis is an infectious-inflammatory disease that occurs due to the overgrowth of bacterial plaque inside the gums. When the gums are subject to constant inflammation, there is a destruction of the tissue that supports the tooth, which can lead to tooth loss. In addition, diabetes also alters the ability to resolve inflammation and subsequent tissue repair, which makes healing of periodontal disease much more complicated.


On the other hand, periodontal proinflammatory cells (support tissue of the tooth) and pathogenic bacteria of the periodontium can spread through the blood to other parts of the body. This causes an alteration of the inflammatory response at the level of the whole body, which in the case of diabetic patients, can lead to an increase in insulin resistance, thereby worsening blood glucose control.


It has been proven that treating gum disease in time can help improve blood glucose control. If you suffer from diabetes, do not forget to tell your dentist so that he can establish the most appropriate treatment for your case. It is advisable to make periodic visits every 6 months at least so that you can keep a good control of the state of your gums.


Also, take care of your teeth every day by brushing them at least twice a day or after each meal, for at least two minutes, using products specifically designed for delicate gums such as the VITIS gum range (toothbrush, toothpaste and mouthwash). Incorporating dental tape or floss, and interproximal brushes to your daily washing routine will help you eliminate bacterial plaque from between your teeth, helping to prevent gingivitis and periodontitis, among other mouth diseases.


Do not let poor health of your mouth affect the care of your diabetes.



Dr. Armellini received her dental degree from the Central University of Venezuela. She received an MBA from the University of Michigan and embarked on a clinical fellowship in Implantology Prosthodontics at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto.


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