A systematic review by King's College London has found evidence that chewing gum without sugar could help reduce the development of tooth decay in adults and children, as published by the authors in the 'Journal of Dental Research: Clinical & Translational Research'.
This review found some evidence that chewing sugar-free gum can reduce the progression of tooth decay and could be used as a viable preventive agent, compared to non-chewing control methods such as oral health education and the supervision of brushing programs. teeth alone.
The research was based on the analysis of studies published in the last 50 years, identifying 12 who explored the impact and result of the intervention of chewing sugar-free gum under oral health conditions, and in particular, dental caries in adults and children. And it was discovered that chewing gum without sugar reduces the increase in caries, giving it a preventive factor of 28%.
"There is a considerable degree of variability in the effect of published data and the included trials were generally of moderate quality," explains lead author Professor Avijit Banerjee, professor of Cariology and Operative Dentistry at King's College, London.
"However, we felt that there was a clear need to update and update existing knowledge about sugarless gums and their effect on tooth decay and oral health," he adds. We are planning more research to determine the acceptability and feasibility of using this method in public health ».
In recent years, chewing sugar-free gum has become a possible complement to existing prevention strategies to stop the development of tooth decay.
"Both the stimulation of saliva, which can act as a natural barrier to protect teeth, and the mechanical control of plaque resulting from the act of chewing, can contribute to the prevention of tooth decay," explains Professor Banerjee- -. Chewing gum without sugar can also act as a carrier of antibacterial ingredients such as xylitol and sorbitol. There was no recent conclusive evidence before this review that showed the relationship between delaying the development of tooth decay and chewing sugar-free gum, ”he concludes.
11 Dic 2019
09 Dic 2019