- Admin By: Admin
- Posted: 15 Abr 2019
Bleeding gums can be a sign that you have or are at risk of periodontal disease. Persistent bleeding of the gums may be due to the buildup of plaque on the teeth. It can also be a sign of a serious medical condition.
The main cause of bleeding in the gums is the accumulation of plaque in the gum line. This leads to a condition called gingivitis or inflamed gums.
The plate that is not removed will harden and become tartar. This will lead to increased bleeding and a more advanced form of periodontal disease and jaw bone known as periodontitis.
Other causes of bleeding gums can be:
Any bleeding disorder
Brush with great force
Hormonal changes during pregnancy
Prostheses or other dental devices poorly adjusted
Misuse of dental floss
Infection, which can be in both the teeth and the gums
Leukemia, a type of cancer in the blood
Scurvy, a deficiency of vitamin C
Use of anticoagulants
Vitamin K deficiency
Visit the dentist at least every 6 months to remove the plaque. Follow the dentist's recommendations for home care.
Brush your teeth gently with a soft bristle brush at least twice a day. It is better to be able to brush after each meal. Also, flossing twice a day can prevent plaque buildup.
Your dentist can tell you to rinse with salt water or with hydrogen peroxide and water. DO NOT use mouthwashes that contain alcohol, which can aggravate the problem.
It can help to follow a healthy and balanced diet. Try to avoid snacks between meals and reduce carbohydrate intake.
Other tips to help with bleeding gums:
Take a periodontal exam.
DO NOT consume tobacco as it aggravates the bleeding of the gums. Smoking can also hide other problems that cause bleeding in the gums.
Control the bleeding of the gums by applying pressure directly on the gum with gauze moistened in ice water.
If you have been diagnosed with a vitamin deficiency, take vitamin supplements.
Avoid using acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin), unless recommended by the healthcare provider.
If the side effects of a medication are causing bleeding gums, ask your provider to prescribe another medication. Never change your medication without first checking with your provider.
Use an oral irrigation device in the low setting to massage the gums
See your dentist if your dentures or other dental appliances do not fit properly or if they are causing painful spots on the gums.
Follow your dentist's instructions on how to brush and floss to avoid hurting your gums.
When to contact a medical professional
Check with your provider if:
Bleeding is severe or prolonged (chronic).
The gums continue to bleed even after treatment.
You have other unexplained symptoms with bleeding.
What you can expect in the doctor's office
Your dentist will examine your teeth and gums and ask you questions about the problem. Your dentist will also ask about your oral hygiene habits. In addition, he will ask you questions about your diet and the medications you take.
Tests that can be done include:
Blood studies such as CSC (complete blood count) or leukocyte formula
X-rays of the teeth and jaw
Gums - bleeding